Home automation (also known as domotics) refers to the encounter of information technology, electrotechnics and electronics that makes a home become “smart”.
A smart house is a home that has advanced, automated systems to control monitor and automate any function of a house—lighting, temperature control, multi-media, security, window and door operations, or any other task of necessity or comfort performed by a home’s resident.
Various control systems are utilized in building automation with the aim to increase the living and comfort quality.

The Advantages of an Automated Home

One of the greatest advantages of an automated home is the ease with which functionality can be managed with just a tap of a button or a simple voice command on an array of devices: Laptops, Tablets, Phones, Watches, Speakers or TV. Till few years back, users had difficulty integrating different automation systems or devices due to platform fragmentation or lack of technical standards, but now with the advent of HomeKit and the likes, the Industry is moving to a stable and common platform where in the devices from different manufactures and using different networking protocols are seamlessly integrated and functioning in conjunction with one another.

How Does Home Automation Work?

Devices within the home automation system connect and communicate with each over a local wired or wireless network. The entire home automation system usually requires system management software, installation of device/appliance controllers, motion and temperature sensors and other components. Domestic activities can then be monitored or controlled with the touch of a button.
From just about any location in the world, users can adjust the temperatures in certain rooms, open the door for a guest, or check on their pets and babies.

What Features are available through Home Automation Systems?

An emerging important feature of a smart home is conservation of the earth’s limited resources. More and more people are becoming aware of the ability to make their homes truly smart — and green — by utilizing home controllers integrated with all home sub-systems to increase savings by controlling lighting, window coverings, HVAC, irrigation and by monitoring usage. Many home controllers have built-in monitoring systems whereby they calculate and log usage by all connected devices, giving the home owner heightened awareness and the knowledge to make changes as necessary. These systems can even be accessed over the Internet from anywhere in the world so the homeowner can adjust consumption anytime, anywhere. Some of the common features available through these platforms may include fire and carbon monoxide monitoring, remote lighting control, thermostat control, appliance control, and real-time text and email alerts. Homeowners can save on energy bills by reducing the length of time that lights stay on or lowering temperature when they have left a room.

What are the Benefits of Home Automation?

Installation of smart products give the home and its occupants various benefits, the same benefits that technology and personal computing have brought to us over the past 30 years — convenience, security and savings of time, money and energy. Most homes do not have connected appliances and systems built into them, therefore the most common and affordable approach is for the home owner to retrofit smart products into their own finished home. Home automation systems are becoming more and more affordable. Not only are prices decreasing, but operating systems are also become less complex so that users can readily master all the controls associated with their safety and security devices. Home automation commands can now be given through smartphones, tablets, watches and televisions, in addition to computers.